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Facts About Egypt | Egypt Facts Info Stuff

Here are some interesting facts about Egypt - Category: Introduction - Background: The regularity and richness of the annual Nile River flood, coupled with semi-isolation provided by deserts to the east and west, allowed for the development of one of the world's great civilizations. A unified kingdom arose circa 3200 B.C., and a series of dynasties ruled in Egypt for the next three millennia. The last native dynasty fell to the Persians in 341 B.C., who in turn were replaced by the Greeks, Romans, and Byzantines. It was the Arabs who introduced Islam and the Arabic language in the 7th century and who ruled for the next six centuries. A local military caste, the Mamluks took control about 1250 and continued to govern after the conquest of Egypt by the Ottoman Turks in 1517. Following the completion of the Suez Canal in 1869, Egypt became an important world transportation hub, but also fell heavily into debt. Ostensibly to protect its investments, Britain seized control of Egypt's government in 1882, but nominal allegiance to the Ottoman Empire continued until 1914. Partially independent from the UK in 1922, Egypt acquired full sovereignty with the overthrow of the British-backed monarchy in 1952. The completion of the Aswan High Dam in 1971 and the resultant Lake Nasser have altered the time-honored place of the Nile River in the agriculture and ecology of Egypt. A rapidly growing population (the largest in the Arab world), limited arable land, and dependence on the Nile all continue to overtax resources and stress society. The government has struggled to meet the demands of Egypt's growing population through economic reform and massive investment in communications and physical infrastructure.

Category: Government - Political pressure groups and leaders: Muslim Brotherhood (technically illegal); note: despite a constitutional ban against religious-based parties and political activity, the technically illegal Muslim Brotherhood constitutes Hosni MUBARAK's potentially most significant political opposition

Category: People - HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 12,000 (2001 estimate)

Category: Economy - GDP (official exchange rate): 8.3 billion (2008 estimate)

Category: Geography - Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural): total: 68.3 cu km/yr (8%/6%/86%); per capita: 923 cu m/yr (2000)

Category: Transportation - Airports: 88 (2007)

Category: Communications - Radio broadcast stations: AM 42 (plus 15 repeaters), FM 11, shortwave 3 (1999)

Category: Military - Military expenditures (% of GDP): 3.4% of GDP (2005 estimate)

Category: Transnational Issues - Trafficking in persons: current situation: Egypt is a transit country for women trafficked from Eastern European countries to Israel for sexual exploitation, and is a source for children trafficked within the country for commercial sexual exploitation and domestic servitude, although the extent to which children are trafficked internally is unknown; children were also recruited for domestic and agricultural work; some of these children face conditions of involuntary servitude, such as restrictions on movement, non-payment of wages, threats, and physical or sexual abuse; tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Egypt is on the Tier 2 Watch List for the third year in a row because it did not provide evidence of increasing efforts to investigate and prosecute traffickers; however, in July 2007, the government established the "National Coordinating Committee to Combat and Prevent Trafficking in Persons," which improved inter-governmental coordination on anti-trafficking initiatives; Egypt made no discernible efforts to punish trafficking crimes in 2007 and the Egyptian penal code does not prohibit all forms of trafficking; Egypt did not increase its services to trafficking victims during the reporting period (2008)

Other random facts about Egypt 

  1. People - Birth rate (births/1,000 population): 22.12 births/1,000 population (2008 estimate)

  2. People - Education expenditures (% of GDP): 4.2% of GDP (2006)

  3. People - Major infectious diseases: degree of risk: intermediate; food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever; water contact disease: schistosomiasis; note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2008)

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Source: CIA - The World Factbook